Principles of transparency and best practice of scholarly publishing  >  About  >  Best Practice

Posted in September 01, 2019

As an open access journal, Ultrasonography will follow the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing ( developed by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).

Table of Contents

1. Website

1) The URL address of official journal web site is

2) Aims & Scope statement:
Ultrasonography, the official English-language journal of the Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine (KSUM), is an international peer-reviewed academic journal dedicated to practice, research, technology, and education dealing with medical ultrasound. It is renamed from the Journal of Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine in January 2014, and published Six times per year: Jan 1, Mar 1, May 1, Jul 1, Sep 1, and Nov 1. Original articles, technical notes, topical reviews, perspectives, pictorial essays, and timely editorial materials are published in Ultrasonography covering state-of-the-art content.
Ultrasonography aims to provide updated information on new diagnostic concepts and technical developments, including experimental animal studies using new equipment in addition to well-designed reviews of contemporary issues in patient care. Along with running KSUM Open, the annual international congress of KSUM, Ultrasonography also serves as a medium for cooperation among physicians and specialists from around the world who are focusing on various ultrasound technology and disease problems and relevant basic science.

3) Readership: Ultrasonography is essential reading not only for those engaged in medical ultrasound research but also for those involved in clinical practice and for those who are involved in establishment of government's policy in the field of ultrasonography.

2. Name of journal

The official journal title is Ultrasonography (eISSN: 2288-5943).

3. Review process and manuscript decision

The submitted manuscript will first be evaluated at the editorial office regarding the completeness of the submitted materials and their suitability to Ultrasonography. Modifications/corrections may be requested from the authors at this stage before starting the peer review. Submitted manuscripts will generally be reviewed by the editors, as well as two peer reviewers who are experts in the submitted subject matter and the peer reviewers will make suggestions to the editor(s).
Ultrasonography performs double-blinded peer review of the submitted manuscripts. Neither the peer reviewers nor the authors are revealed to each other. Authors may suggest preferred and non-preferred reviewers during manuscript submission. However, the ultimate selection of the reviewers will be determined by the editor(s). The authors can monitor the progress of the manuscript throughout the review process at the submission site (

Submitted manuscripts will be rendered one of the following decisions:
Accept: The manuscript is accepted for publication.
Minor Revisions: A revision needs to be submitted within 60 days of the decision. Otherwise, the manuscript will be treated as a new submission.
Major Revisions: A revision needs to be submitted within 120 days of the decision. Otherwise, the manuscript will be treated as a new submission.
Reject, Resubmission allowed: The authors are allowed to resubmit their work. However, it is effective only when they are able to respond to the various reviewer comments and make substantial changes to the study. The resubmitted manuscript will be treated as a new submission.
Reject, No further consideration: The paper will no longer be considered for publication. The decision to accept a manuscript is not based solely on the scientific validity and originality of the study content; other factors are considered, including the extent and importance of new information in the paper as compared with that in other papers being considered, the Journal's need to represent a wide range of topics, and the overall suitability for Ultrasonography.
Decision letters usually, but not always, convey all factors considered for a particular decision. Occasionally, the comments to the authors may appear to be inconsistent with the editorial decision, which takes into consideration reviewers' comments to the editor, as well as the additional factors listed above. If the author(s) believe that the journal has rejected their article in error, perhaps because the reviewers have misunderstood its scientific content, an appeal may be submitted by e-mail to the editorial office ( However, appeals are ineffective in most cases and are discouraged.

4. Ownership and management

1) Information about the ownership: This journal is owned by the publisher, the Korean Society of ultrasound in Medicine (

2) Management team of a journal (January 2024~)
- Journal Manager: Jung-Eun Cheon, Editor-in-Chief of Ultrasonography, Seoul National University, Korea
- Managers of the Review Process:
   • Dong Ho Lee, Section Editor (Abdomen), Seoul National University, Korea
   • Ji Hyun Youk, Section Editor (Breast), Yonsei University, Korea
   • Eun Ah Park, Section Editor (Cardio-Vascular), Seoul National University, Korea
   • Dae Chul Jung, Section Editor (Genito-Urinary), Yonsei University, Korea
   • Jinna Kim, Section Editor (Head & Neck), Yonsei University, Korea
   • Ja Young Choi, Section Editor (Musculo-Skeletal), Seoul National University, Korea
   • Han-Sung Kwon, Section Editor (Obstetrics & Gynecology), Konkuk University, Korea
   • Jae-Yeon Hwang, Section Editor (Pediatric), Pusan National University, Korea
   • Yangmo Yoo, Section Editor (Physics & Engineering), Sogang University, Korea
   • Ji-hoon Kim, Section Editor (Thyroid), Seoul National University, Korea
- Statistics Editor: Hye Sun Lee, Yonsei University, Korea
- Manuscript Editor: Soo-Hee Chang, Infolumi, Korea
- Layout Editor: Byeong Kyu Song, Sungmungak, Korea
- Editorial Assistant: So Mi Yoon, Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine, Korea
- Website and JATS XML File Producers: M2Pi, Korea

5. Governing body

The governing body is the journal's editorial board.

6. Editorial team and contact information

Ultrasonography editorial office contact information
A-034 Mapo Trapalace, 53 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04158, Korea.
Tel: +82-2-763-5627, Fax: +82-2-763-6909

7. Copyrights

Copyright to all published materials is owned by the Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine. All authors should agree to the copyright transfer during the submission process.

Ultrasonography is an open access journal. Articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. To use the tables or figures of Ultrasonography in other journals, books or media for scholarly, educational purposes, the process of permission request to the publisher of Ultrasonography is not necessary. All contents of the journal are available immediately upon publication without embargo period.

8. Publication fee

Beginning January 1, 2024, a new policy regarding Article Processing Charges (APCs) is implemented for various article types, such as original articles, review articles, technical notes, pictorial essays, meta-analyses, and so on. Invited articles and Letter to editor are waived from the payment. A fee of 100 USD or 100,000 KRW per article will be applicable to all accepted articles, and authors will be notified about the APC policy along with the acceptance notice. Additionally, it is important to note that we maintain a policy of not charging submission fees.

9. Process to manage the research and publication misconduct

When the Journal faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct such as redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fraudulent or fabricated data, changes in authorship, undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problem with a submitted manuscript, a reviewer who has appropriated an author’s idea or data, complaints against editors, and etc., The resolving process will be followed by flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics ( The discussion and decision on the suspected cases are done by Editorial Board.

10. Publication and research ethics

For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in these instructions, Guidelines on Good Publication ( or Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals ( can be applied.

1) Statement of Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
Any investigations involving humans and animals should be approved by the Institutional Review Board and Animal Care Committee, respectively, of the institution where the study took place. Ultrasonography will not consider any studies involving humans or animals without the appropriate approval. Informed consent should be obtained, unless waived by the institutional review board, from patients who participated in clinical investigations. Human subjects should not be identifiable, such that patients' names, initials, hospital numbers, dates of birth, or other protected healthcare information should not be disclosed. If experiments involve animals, the research should be based on national or institutional guidelines for animal care and use. Original articles submitted to Ultrasonography that address any investigation involving humans and animals should include a description about whether the study was conducted under an approval by the institutional review board (with or without patient informed consent) and animal care committee, respectively, of the institution where the study was conducted. Ultrasonography can request an approval by the institutional review board or animal care committee for the other types of articles when necessary. For policies on any issues of research and publication ethics not stated in these instructions, the Guidelines on Good Publication ( should be applied. The content of each article is the responsibility of the authors and not of Ultrasonography.

2) Authorship and Author’s Responsibility
The corresponding author takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal during the manuscript submission, peer review, and publication process, and typically ensures that all the journal’s administrative requirements, such as providing details of authorship, ethics committee approval, clinical trial registration documentation, and gathering conflict of interest forms and statements, are properly completed, although these duties may be delegated to one or more coauthors. The corresponding author should be available throughout the submission and peer review process to respond to editorial queries in a timely way, and should be available after publication to respond to critiques of the work and cooperate with any requests from the journal for data or additional information should questions about the paper arise after publication. Authors are responsible for the whole content of each article. Co-authorship should be based on the following 4 criteria: 1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; 2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) Final approval of the version to be published; 4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. If any persons who do not meet above 4 criteria, they may be listed as contributors in Acknowledgments section. There is no limitation on the number of authors, and only one author should correspond with the editorial office. Ultrasonography does not allow adding authors or changing the first or the corresponding authors once its decision of ‘Accept as it is’ is made. If any author wishes to be removed from the byline, he or she should submit a letter signed by the author, as well as all other authors, indicating his or her wish to be deleted from the list of authors. Any change in the name order in the byline requires a letter signed by all authors indicting agreement with the same.

3) Originality and Duplicate Publication
Manuscripts under review or published by other journals will not be accepted for publication in Ultrasonography, and articles published in this journal are not allowed to be reproduced in whole or in part in any type of publication without permission of the Editorial Board. Figures and tables can be used freely if original source is verified according to Creative Commons Non-Commercial License. It is mandatory for all authors to resolve any copyright issues when citing a figure or table from a different journal that is not open access. Regarding duplicate publication, plagiarism, and other problems related to publication ethics, "Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals" ( should be followed.

4) Secondary Publication
It is possible to republish manuscripts if the manuscripts satisfy the condition of secondary publication of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors', available from: as followings: Certain types of articles, such as guidelines produced by governmental agencies and professional organizations, may need to reach the widest possible audience. In such instances, editors sometimes deliberately publish material that is also being published in other journals, with the agreement of the authors and the editors of those journals. Secondary publication for various other reasons, in the same or another language, especially in other countries, is justifiable and can be beneficial provided that the following conditions are met. The authors have received approval from the editors of both journals (the editor concerned with secondary publication must have a photocopy, reprint, or manuscript of the primary version). The priority of the primary publication is respected by a publication interval of at least 1 week (unless specifically negotiated otherwise by both editors).
The paper for secondary publication is intended for a different group of readers; an abbreviated version could be sufficient. The secondary version faithfully reflects the data and interpretations of the primary version. The footnote on the title page of the secondary version informs readers, peers, and documenting agencies that the paper has been published in whole or in part and states the primary reference. A suitable footnote might read: “This article is based on a study first reported in the [title of journal, with full reference].”

5) Editorial Responsibilities
Editorial board will continuously work for monitoring/safeguarding publication ethics: guidelines for retracting articles; maintenance of the integrity of the academic record; preclusion of business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standard; publishing corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed; no plagiarism, no fraudulent data. Editors are always keeping following responsibilities: responsibility and authority to rejected/accept article; no conflict of interest respect to articles they reject/accept; acceptance of a paper when reasonably certain; promoting publication of correction or retraction when errors are found; preservation of anonymity of reviewers.

6) Conflict of Interest
The authors should disclose all potential conflicts of interest including any research funding, other financial support, and material support for the work, if any exists, in the unblinded full title page. If there is a disclosure, the editors, reviewers, and reader can approach the manuscripts after understanding the situation.

11. Publishing schedule

It is published Six times per year: Jan 1, Mar 1, May 1, Jul 1, Sep 1, and Nov 1.

12. Access

Ultrasonography is available free in electronic form at All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

13. Archiving

Full text of Ultrasonography has been archived in PubMed Central (PMC)/Europe PMC ( and National Library of Korea ( from the 33th volume, 2014. According to the deposit policy (self-archiving policy) of Sherpa/Romeo (, authors cannot archive pre-print (i.e., pre-refereeing), but they can archive post-print (i.e., final draft post-refereeing). Authors can archive publisher's version/PDF. Ultrasonography provides the electronic backup and preservation of access to the journal content in the event the journal is no longer published by archiving in PubMed Central and National Library of Korea.

14. Revenue sources

Revenue sources of journal were from the support of publisher (the Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine), government’s support (the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies) and advertising rates.

15. Advertising

Ultrasonography accepts advertisements on the following basis:
1) Eligibility of the advertised products or services
All products or services should be safe and reliable, and not cause any harm to the health and welfare of humans. Advertisements may promote information and technologies relevant for authors, editors, reviewers, and readers. Imaging devices and pharmaceutical products including contrast materials may also be considered.
- Advertising is separate from content. Advertisers and sponsors have no advance knowledge of our editorial contents, nor do the editors have advance knowledge of advertisers. Content is never altered, added, or deleted to accommodate advertising. Advertisers and sponsors have no input regarding any of our editorial decisions or advertising policies.
- Editorial board reserve the right to decline or cancel any advertisement at any time.
- Advertisements for pharmaceutical products must conform to all regulations and policies of the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Republic of Korea in every respect.

2) Orders
Any individuals or organizations who are interested in advertising their products or services in the print copies of the journal or on its website are encouraged to contact the editorial office. The acceptance of advertisement will be discussed by the editorial board and will be ultimately approved by the publisher.

3) Advertisement fee This academic journal and the advertisement price follow in accordance with the Korea Research-based Pharmaceutical Industry Association (KRPIA) Fair Competition Code and Working Guideline.

4) Disclaimer
Liability: Neither the publisher nor the editors will be legally liable for advertisements presented in the journal. In addition, they cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of the information provided.
Endorsement: The publisher and the editors do not endorse any products or services that are advertised.
Disclaimer: Neither the publisher nor the authors will be legally liable for any of the content of advertisements, so readers must keep this in mind when reading or seeing advertisements.

16. Direct marketing

Journal propagation has been done through the journal web site and distribution of an introduction pamphlet during the period of annual international conference (KSUM Open) in addition to mailing of journal contents at the timing of quarterly official publications. Invitations to submit a manuscript are usually focused on the presenters at conferences, seminars, or workshops if the topic is related to the journal's aims and scope.

Volume43 No. 3
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A-304 Mapo Trapalace, 53 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04158, Korea
TEL : +82-2-763-5627   FAX : +82-2-763-6909   E-mail :
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