Congenital heart disease antenatal diagnosis by 3D-ultrasound using spatiotemporal image correlation with HDlive Flow and HDlive Flow silhouette rendering modes
André Souza Malho2, Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela3, Renato Ximenes2, Alberto Borges Peixoto4, Edward Araujo Júnior1
1Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), São Paulo, Brazil
2Latin American Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF-LA), Campinas, Brazil
3Discipline of Pediatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Brazil
Corresponding Author: Edward Araujo Júnior ,Tel: +55-11-3796-5944, Fax: +55-11-3796-5944, Email:
Received: August 6, 2021;  Accepted: January 14, 2022.  Published online: January 14, 2022.
This pictorial review aimed to describe the assessment of a great variety of congenital heart disease by three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound with spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) using HDlive and HDlive Flow silhouette rendering modes. These technologies provide fetal heart surface designs as it uses a fixed virtual light source that propagates into the tissues permitting a detailed reconstruction of the heart structures. In this scenario, ultrasound operators can freely select a better light source position to enhance the anatomical details of the fetal heart. HDlive and HDlive Flow silhouette rendering modes improved depth perception and resolution of anatomic cardiac details and blood vessel walls compared to the standard two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound.
Keywords: Fetal heart; Congenital heart disease; Three-dimensional ultrasound; Spatiotemporal image correlation; HDlive
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