Journal of Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine 2011;30(3): 193-196.
The Ultrasound and MRI Findings of Uterine Adenofibroma: A Case Report.
Hyun Jung Kim, Sung Eun Rha, Jae Young Byun, Ah won Lee
1Department of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. serha@catholic.ac.kr
2Department of Hospital Pathology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
  Published online: September 1, 2011.
ABSTRACT
Adenofibroma is an extremely rare benign mullerian mixed tumor composed of epithelium and mesenchymal cells. Most uterine adenofibromas occur in the endometrium, but they rarely protrude into the vagina. To date, only a few such cases with the imaging findings have been reported. Therefore, we report here on the sonographic and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of a case of endometrial adenofibroma protruding into the vaginal cavity in a 28-year-old woman. The uterine adenofibroma appeared as a large intracavitary echogenic mass containing multiple small internal cysts, and it was distending the vaginal cavity on transrectal sonography. T2- weighted MR images showed a large intracavitary mass with heterogeneous high signal intensity protruding into the vaginal cavity. On gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MR images, heterogeneous septa-like enhancement was noted in the mass. Although uterine adenofibroma is extremely rare, adenofibroma can be suggested as a possible diagnosis when an intracavitary uterine mass, with multiple internal small cystic components and enhancing septa-like structures, is protruding into the vaginal cavity on imaging.
Keywords: Adenofibroma; Uterus; Ultrasonography; Magnetic resonance imaging
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