Journal of Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine 2011;30(2): 103-112.
Analysis of the BRAF(V600E) Mutation in Thyroid Nodules: the Preoperative Diagnostic Role of Fine-needle Aspiration Biopsy for Patients with Papillary Thyroid Cancer and Its Impact on Patient Care.
Ji Yeon Yang, Hyun Sook Hong, Eun Hye Lee, Chul Hee Kim, Jeong Ja Kwak, Seung Won Lee, Jae Wook Kim
1Department of Radiology, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Korea. hshong@schbc.ac.kr
2Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Korea.
3Department of Pathology, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Korea.
4Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Korea.
  Published online: June 1, 2011.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE: We wanted to evaluate the frequency of BRAF(V600E) mutations on the preoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) of thyroid nodules and the effect of this on the accuracy of diagnosing papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). We also wanted to evaluate the influence of BRAF(V600E) analysis on patient care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The results of cytology and BRAF(V600E) mutation analysis of 190 thyroid nodules were retrospectively reviewed. The results of the cytology and BRAF(V600E) analysis were compared with the histopathological diagnosis for the surgically confirmed cases, and we calculated the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and the diagnostic accuracy of FNAB and combining the modalities of FNAB and BRAF(V600E) mutation. The frequency of BRAF(V600E) mutation according to age and the influence of BRAF(V600E) analysis on patient care were studied. The nodule size was compared between the malignant and other categories of BRAF(V600E) positive nodules. RESULTS: Seventy four percent of the PTC were BRAF(V600E) positive. BRAF(V600E) analysis increased the sensitivity, NPP and diagnostic accuracy of FNAB. Fifty percent of the BRAF(V600E) positive nodules with other than malignant cytology received surgery and these were confirmed to be PTC. The frequency of BRAF(V600E) mutation increased with age, which was statistically significant. There was a statistically significant difference in the nodule size between the cytologically malignant nodules and the other nodules. CONCLUSION: BRAF(V600E) analysis increased the diagnostic accuracy of FNAB and it should be considered as being complementary to cytological analysis. The frequency of the BRAF(V600E) mutation increased with age. The size of the malignant nodules was larger than that of the benign nodules.
Keywords: BRAF(V600E) mutation; Thyroid gland; Ultrasonography; Fine needle aspiration biopsy; Thyroid carcinoma; Papillary thyroid carcinoma
TOOLS
Full text via DOI  Full text via DOI
METRICS
746
View
5
Download
We recommend
Editorial Office
A-304 Mapo Trapalace, 53 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04158, Korea
TEL : +82-2-763-5627   FAX : +82-2-763-6909   E-mail : office@ultrasound.or.kr
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine.                 Developed in M2PI
Close layer
prev next