Journal of Korean Society of Ultrasound in Medicine 2007;26(3): 145-153.
High-Resolution Ultrasonography (US) of Appendiceal Specimens: Differentiation of Acute Non-perforated Appendicitis from Perforated Appendicitis.
Gyo Chang Choi, Suk Kim, Han Hyeok Im, Sang Jin Lee, Seung Boo Yang, Seung Woo Lee, Hae Kyung Lee, Kui Hyang Kwon, Hyung Chul Shin, Il Young Kim
1Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Gumi Hospital, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Soonchunhyang University Gumi Hospital, Korea.
3Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Korea.
4Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Korea.
5Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Korea.
  Published online: September 1, 2007.
PURPOSE: To analyze surgical specimens from patients with acute non-perforated and perforated appendicitis using high-resolution ultrasonography (US), and to correlate the US features with the pathologic findings. MATERIALS and METHODS: One hundred and six surgical appendix specimens obtained from patients with suspected acute appendicitis were evaluated. The following US features were evaluated for differentiating acute non-perforated appendicitis from perforated appendicitis: circumferential loss of the echogenic submucosal layer, disruption of the serosal layer, asymmetrical wall thickening, the sum of opposing walls > or = 9 mm and the presence of appendicoliths. The sensitivity and specificity of the US findings for diagnosing perforated appendicitis were determined. RESULTS: All US features were detected significantly more often in the perforated appendicitis group of specimens. The disruption of the serosal layer was the most significant independent predictor of perforation (p < .001). The sensitivity for circumferential loss of the echogenic submucosal layer, disruption of the serosal layer, asymmetrical wall thickening, wall thickness > or = 9 mm, and the presence of appendicoliths individually was 84.6%, 69.2%, 61.5%, 73.1% and 46.2%, respectively. The specificity for all of these findings was 86.3%, 98.7%, 95.0%, 85.0% and 85.0%, respectively. CONCLUSION: High-resolution US of appendiceal specimens was very useful for differentiating acute non-perforated from perforated appendicitis.
Keywords: Appendicitis; Appendix; Appendix, US; Ultrasound(US)
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